Ohio, located in the Midwest of the United States, is home to a rich variety of bird species due to its diverse habitats, including forests, wetlands, grasslands, and lakeshores. Birdwatching enthusiasts in Ohio can enjoy observing a wide array of birds throughout the year. Here, we will explore into 39 captivating bird species that can be found in Ohio.
- Red-Winged Blackbird
- Eastern Bluebird
- Northern Cardinal
- Black-Capped Chickadee
- Carolina Chickadee
- Brown-Headed Cowbird
- American Crow
- Mourning Dove
- Northern Flicker
- Acadian Flycatcher
- Willow Flycatcher
- American Goldfinch
- Ruby-Throated Hummingbird
- Blue Jay
- Dark-Eyed Junco
- Eastern Kingbird
- Eastern Meadowlark
- White-Breasted Nuthatch
- Eastern Phoebe
- American Robin
- House Sparrow
- Song Sparrow
- European Starling
- Barn Swallow
- Chimney Swift
- Tufted Titmouse
- Eastern Towhee
- Red-Eyed Vireo
- White-Eyed Vireo
- Yellow Warbler
- Cedar Waxwing
- Downy Woodpecker
- Hairy Woodpecker
- Pileated Woodpecker
- Red-Bellied Woodpecker
- Red-Headed Woodpecker
- Eastern Wood-Pewee
- Carolina Wren
- House Wren
1. Red-Winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
The Red-Winged Blackbird is a striking bird with a distinctive red and yellow shoulder patch. Found in marshes and wetlands, this bird is known for its distinctive call and vibrant appearance.
2. Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)
Recognizable by its bright blue plumage, the Eastern Bluebird is a delightful sight. They are cavity nesters and are often found in open woodlands and meadows.
3. Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
One of Ohio’s most iconic birds, the Northern Cardinal, is well-known for its vibrant red feathers and distinctive crest. They can be spotted year-round in various habitats.
4. Black-Capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)
The Black-Capped Chickadee is a small, lively bird with a black cap and bib. They are known for their distinct “chick-a-dee-dee-dee” call.
5. Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis)
Similar to the Black-Capped Chickadee, the Carolina Chickadee is a charming small bird found in woodlands and suburban areas. It has a distinctive white eye stripe.
6. Brown-Headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)
The Brown-Headed Cowbird is known for its parasitic nesting behavior, laying eggs in other bird species’ nests. They are often seen in grasslands and agricultural areas.
7. American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
The American Crow is a highly intelligent and adaptable bird with black plumage. It is commonly seen in urban and rural areas.
8. Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
Recognized by its soft cooing sound, the Mourning Dove is a gentle, grayish bird often seen in open habitats, including parks and gardens.
9. Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
The Northern Flicker is a type of woodpecker known for its distinctive markings and ground-feeding behavior. They can be found in woodlands and open areas.
10. Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)
The Acadian Flycatcher is a small, insect-eating bird found in woodland areas, often near water. It is recognized by its distinctive “peet-sah” call.
11. Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)
The Willow Flycatcher is another small, insect-eating bird that frequents wetland habitats and grassy areas. It has a distinctive “fitz-bew” song.
12. American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)
The American Goldfinch, also known as the Eastern Goldfinch, is a striking yellow bird often seen in fields and grassy areas, especially during the summer.
13. Ruby-Throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)
The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird is a dazzling, iridescent bird known for its rapid wing beats and vibrant throat coloring. They are attracted to nectar-producing flowers.
14. Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)
The Blue Jay is a familiar bird with vibrant blue feathers and a distinctive crest. They are often found in woodlands and suburban areas.
15. Dark-Eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)
The Dark-Eyed Junco is a small sparrow-like bird with distinct plumage variations based on gender and location. They frequent forested areas and backyards.
16. Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)
The Eastern Kingbird is a bold bird known for its white underparts and black cap. They are often seen perching on wires and branches in open areas.
17. Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)
The Eastern Meadowlark is known for its melodious song and vibrant yellow breast. They inhabit grasslands and meadows.
18. White-Breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)
The White-Breasted Nuthatch is a small bird known for its distinctive upside-down feeding behavior. They can be found in deciduous and mixed forests.
19. Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)
The Eastern Phoebe is a flycatcher with a distinct “phoebe” call. They often nest in barns, bridges, and other man-made structures.
20. American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
The American Robin is a common and beloved bird known for its red-orange breast. They are often seen foraging for worms in lawns and gardens.
21. House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)
The House Sparrow is an introduced species found in urban and suburban areas. They are recognized by their brown and gray plumage.
22. Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)
The Song Sparrow is a small, brown bird with streaked plumage and a melodious song. They inhabit various habitats, including marshes and woodlands.
23. European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
The European Starling is known for its iridescent plumage and mimicry of other bird species’ songs. They are commonly found in urban and suburban areas.
24. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
The Barn Swallow is a graceful bird with distinctive long tail streamers. They are often seen swooping and diving over open fields and water.
25. Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)
The Chimney Swift is a small, fast-flying bird with distinctive, curved wings. They are often observed near chimneys and tall structures.
26. Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor)
The Tufted Titmouse is a charming bird with a tufted crest and a distinctive “peter-peter-peter” call. They are common in woodlands and gardens.
27. Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
The Eastern Towhee is a ground-dwelling bird known for its distinctive call and scratch-digging for food. They inhabit shrubby areas and woodlands.
28. Red-Eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
The Red-Eyed Vireo is a small songbird with a white belly and distinctive red eyes. They are often found in deciduous and mixed forests.
29. White-Eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus)
The White-Eyed Vireo is a small, colorful bird with white spectacles around its eyes. They inhabit shrubby areas and woodlands.
30. Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia)
The Yellow Warbler is a vibrant yellow bird often found near water sources. They are known for their cheerful song.
31. Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)
The Cedar Waxwing is a sleek, crested bird known for its brownish plumage and waxy red tips on its wings. They are often seen in flocks.
32. Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)
The Downy Woodpecker is a small woodpecker with distinctive black and white markings. They can be found in a variety of wooded habitats.
33. Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)
The Hairy Woodpecker is similar to the Downy Woodpecker but larger in size. They also have black and white plumage and can be found in woodlands.
34. Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)
The Pileated Woodpecker is a striking, large woodpecker known for its distinctive red crest and loud, drumming sounds. They inhabit mature forests.
35. Red-Bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)
The Red-Bellied Woodpecker is named for the red patch on its belly. They are common in woodlands and suburban areas.
36. Red-Headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
The Red-Headed Woodpecker is a stunning bird with a red head and white body. They can be found in open woodlands and grasslands.
37. Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens)
The Eastern Wood-Pewee is a small, olive-brown bird known for its distinctive “pee-a-wee” song. They frequent wooded areas.
38. Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)
The Carolina Wren is a small, cheerful bird known for its distinctive white eyebrow stripe. They are often heard before they are seen, singing melodious tunes.
39. House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
The House Wren is a small, energetic bird known for its bubbly song. They often nest in man-made structures and wooded areas.
In conclusion, Ohio is a haven for birdwatchers, boasting a diverse and captivating array of bird species. From colorful songbirds to majestic woodpeckers, the state offers a rich tapestry of avian life waiting to be explored and appreciated. Grab your binoculars and venture into Ohio’s diverse habitats to witness these magnificent birds in their natural splendor. Happy birdwatching!You may also like: