Comprehensive List of Safe and Healthy Rat Foods

Healthy Rat Foods Petshyme

Rats are beloved small pets that require a balanced and nutritious diet to ensure their overall well-being. A significant aspect of caring for rats is providing them with a safe and appropriate diet. An optimal diet for rats consists of a variety of foods to ensure they receive the necessary nutrients.

Here’s a comprehensive list of safe and healthy rat foods categorized for your convenience.


Nuts are a great source of protein, healthy fats, and essential nutrients for rats. It’s important to offer nuts that are unflavored and unsalted to avoid any potential harm. Here are some safe nut options for your rat:

  • Almonds
  • Brazil Nuts
  • Cashews
  • Coconut
  • Hazelnuts
  • Macadamia Nuts
  • Peanuts
  • Pecans
  • Pistachios
  • Sweet Chestnuts
  • Walnuts


Seeds are another excellent source of essential fatty acids and nutrients for rats. When feeding seeds to your rats, make sure they are unflavored and unsalted. Here are some safe seed options:

  • Chia seeds
  • Flax seeds
  • Hemp seeds
  • Pine nuts
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Sesame seeds
  • Sunflower seeds


Protein is a crucial component of a rat’s diet, supporting their growth and maintenance. It’s important to provide protein sources that are unseasoned and cooked. Here are safe protein options for rats:

  • Cheese
  • Cottage Cheese
  • Crickets
  • Eggs
  • Grasshoppers
  • Mackerel
  • Mealworms
  • Salmon
  • Cooked Plain Chicken
  • Cooked Plain Turkey
  • Cooked Plain Beef
  • Sardines
  • Shrimp
  • Tofu
  • Yogurt


Grains are an essential part of a rat’s diet, providing them with energy and necessary nutrients. Here are some safe grain options for rats:

  • Amaranth
  • Barley
  • Buckwheat
  • Bulgur Wheat
  • Corn
  • Couscous
  • Millet
  • Oat
  • Quinoa
  • Popcorn (Plain)
  • Rice (Cooked & Dried)
  • Rye
  • Sorghum (Milo)
  • Spelt
  • Wheat

Herbs & Flowers

Herbs and flowers can be a healthy addition to a rat’s diet, offering flavor and potential health benefits. Here are some safe options:

  • Basil
  • Chicory
  • Cilantro (Coriander)
  • Clover
  • Cress
  • Dandelion Leaves
  • Mint
  • Oregano
  • Parsley
  • Rose Petals
  • Rosemary
  • Sunflower Petals
  • Thyme

In Moderation

While these foods can be part of a rat’s diet, it’s essential to offer them in moderation due to their high fat or sugar content:

  • High-fat foods such as avocado and cheese
  • High-sugar foods such as dried fruits

Always ensure fresh water is available for your rats. It’s crucial to consult a veterinarian to create a well-rounded diet plan that suits your rat’s specific needs and ensures they remain healthy and happy throughout their lives. Providing a diverse and nutritious diet is a fundamental aspect of responsible rat ownership.

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